Undocumented immigrants take jobs away from Americans
Immigrants and native-born Americans generally don’t compete for the same jobs
Immigrants and native-born Americans generally don’t compete for the same jobs. In a 2012 report, the Immigration Policy Center noted, "Immigrants and native-born workers are usually in different job markets, so they don't compete." The top occupation for foreign-born workers in 2009 was construction and extraction, while the top job for native-born workers was office and administrative support.
Similarly, economists Gianmarco Ottaviano, Giovanni Peri, and Greg Wright examined a host of studies that looked at how immigration and offshoring affected U.S. employment. In a 2010 paper for the London-based Centre for Economic Policy Research, they concluded that evidence gleaned from the United States between 2000 and 2007 "shows that immigrant and native workers are more likely to compete against offshoring than against each other." They went on to write:
These empirical results together imply that immigrant workers do not compete much with natives, but rather compete for tasks that could be more easily performed by offshore workers. Since immigrants specialise in the most "manual-intensive" tasks, an increase in immigration is more likely to reduce the range of offshored tasks in an industry without affecting the employment level and type of tasks performed by natives. Offshore workers, on the other hand, specialise in tasks at an intermediate level of complexity and compete more directly with natives, thereby taking some of their jobs and pushing them toward more cognitive-intensive tasks.